A Summarize the issues, decisions, and significance of landmark Supreme Court cases including Marbury v. Position B: Public policy should be created by officials who are most informed about the issues involved. In this slave petition to the governing bodies of Massachusetts, the natural rights argument is made boldly by a people denied all rights at that time. The acquisition of this new land only intensified the national debate over slavery, a debate that would require a complex compromise to avoid a secession of the southern slaveholding states. Maier is the author of American Scripture: Making the Declaration of Independence New York, 1997. In the final stage, members of the Continental Congress offered their suggestions, which were not entirely welcomed by Jefferson The writing of the Declaration is an example for students of how teams work in the real world.
The idea: Limited Government Question: To what extent should the federal government be involved in economic issues? Instruct the students to have the speeches read and the charts completed by the next class period. In Lincoln's mind, the Kansas —Nebraska Act of 1854 marked a crossroads in American politics: the nation must decide if the federal constitution committed them to the spread of freedom or slavery. One such person was former Congressman Abraham Lincoln, who strongly opposed any policy that could extend slavery into the territories. Rational: In order to understand how our government works students must understand the major ideas that underpin it. The determination of the best match should be based on the strength of the evidence a group of students cites to support the match they make. But in the short run, the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 provoked a race between freeholders and slaveholders to settle the territory.
Explain how a question reflects an enduring issue in the field. If your document has more than one Big Idea within it, then justify why they determined which one is more relevant than the other. As with the map of the see Lesson One of this unit, , two sets of questions have been provided for this map: one to be used for a comparative study of states and territories, and the other for an analytical study of changes brought about a since the 1820 Compromise and b as a result of the Kansas —Nebraska Act of 1854. Many of the Founders knew each other before the Constitutional Convention and were able to draw on their personal relationships when trying to garner a consensus for specific proposals to be included in the Constitution. The idea: Republicanism Question: What should be the role of citizens in creating public policy? The Kansas—Nebraska Act: A Debate between Two Illinoisans The Kansas —Nebraska Act of 1854 shattered whatever peace was gained by the Compromise of 1850. On this preview of the lesson we have made every attempt to match them to the 2013 Kansas History, Government, and Social Studies Standards and Kansas College and Career Ready Literacy Standards. He thought it only logical that the federal territories be regulated by the federal government, meaning Congress.
Douglas, who endorsed popular sovereignty in the Kansas-Nebraska Act, and 4 excerpts from an 1854 speech by Abraham Lincoln, who opposed popular sovereignty in the Kansas-Nebraska Act. After all the groups have shared, hold a class discussion in which the students consider how the federal government acts today to achieve these goals, and how those actions impact citizens. Activity 1: Students will take on the role of a colonial newspaper editor, preparing an editorial for July 5th, the day after the contents of the Declaration have become public. In addition to organizing the U. Make one large copy of Worksheet 1 to display the class results.
This activity requires students to contrast the maps of 1820 and 1854 so that they can see how much the nation had grown in the thirty-four year period, and to analyze new developments in the map of 1854 in order for students to appreciate the urgency of the arguments advanced in the national debate over slavery. A graphic organizer for listing the main points of the speeches by Douglas and Lincoln is provided on , and can be printed and distributed to students in Group C. When the class finishes sharing their results and compiling Worksheet 4, have the students check their work against the Answer Key. The speeches are also located in the , and can be downloaded and printed for student use. Students will explore these relationships by creating a Founders - Profile. At this point, the teacher may want to show students the Maier interview or explain her view of the ideological underpinnings of the Declaration. The Declaration's Origins: Four 4 Primary Sources for Understanding the Declaration of Independence Much of the language and many of the ideas in the Declaration can be found in other documents, to which Jefferson and the other writers had access.
After the debate is over, Group C gives the class the strong points made by each side and, if desired, declares the winner of the debate as determined by a vote taken within the group. Students will then write their own essays on this topic. The Kansas Nebraska Act stands as one of they key pieces of legislation in the long history of Civil Rights Movement in the United States. This lesson plan was originally prepared by the Education and Outreach Division, Kansas State Historical Society for Territorial Kansas Online. Once students have identified these references, the teacher could then move the discussion into the direction of explaining what each one of these terms means in greater depth. Students will find the specific grievances in paragraphs three and four that connect to the Declaration's grievances.
Constitution establishes a system of government that has powers, responsibilities, and limits that have changed over time and that are still contested. Each student should be assigned one grievance, which they will read and annotate, and then will report back to the class about what it is saying, how it relates to the struggle with England, and why it is significant to the whole document. After a sufficient amount of time has been given to prepare for the debate, allow the two groups an allotted amount of time to present their arguments. Students will obtain an understanding of these current disputes by taking sides in a debate featuring current issues. This document, urging Virginia's delegates to support such an action, was passed a little more than three weeks before the Declaration of Independence was adopted by the Continental Congress.
They should also address how revolutionary were these ideas in two respects: how did they support the idea of revolution and, given the context of the times, why were these ideas unusual and new? Does the map suggest hypotheses about the relative importance to the Founders of the branches and powers of the new government? The Mexican War began as a border dispute between Texas, recently annexed by the United States, and Mexico, who ended up ceding land that stretched west to the Pacific Ocean and north as far as Wyoming. In this document, the citizens of the town of Malden express their concerns to their representative at the Continental Congress about the actions of the British and why a declaration in favor of independence was necessary and appropriate at that time. These measures began as a way to organize the vast western territory—more than half a million square miles comprising present-day Arizona, California, western Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah—acquired by the United States at the close of the Mexican War in early 1848. By providing territorial governments for Utah and New Mexico without banning or legalizing slavery, the seeds of popular sovereignty had been planted by a Congress seeking to lessen the sectional agitation over the future of slavery in an expanding America. The Civil War Era 1830-1880 in United States History was marked by contentious conflicts that split families, split political parties, and split the nation.
Position A: Congress, the policy making branch which represents the people, should determine peace terms. The teacher should lead a brief discussion of these three concepts to ensure that students understand their meaning. Mapping the text of the Constitution presents the national charter in a way that illustrates the attention the Founders gave to the structure and power of government. Then you will rephrase the quote in your own words to hone in on its meaning. Position A: Public policy should reflect the opinion of voters.