If the quotation is over 40 words, you must start the quotation on a new line, indent the quotation about ½ an inch, and omit the quotation marks Rule 6. Double-space between all lines of your work, including references. For more detailed information please consult a of the style manual. Number all pages consecutively, beginning with the title page, in Arabic numerals e. Plagiarism When you use someone else's ideas or words in your writing without acknowledging referencing where they came from, this behaviour could be classified as plagiarising or academic dishonesty.
The reference list must include all references cited in the text of your paper. Please note, steps may vary depending on the word processor you are using. General Format 1 Figure from a Book :. Plagiarism can occur by mistake if you are not careful. Three, four or five authors First citation include all authors:. Students and other writers will find this guide indispensable as well as convenient to download and use when creating a reference list.
If more than one city of publication is listed in the book you are citing, use the first one listed. For more tips on paraphrasing check out. Content on this guide comes from the 6th edition of the. In this case, you can keep these items within a sentence or paragraph, or you can separate them out into a list and capitalize and punctuate each item as if it were a complete sentence. Don't worry about it as you write, but, after you're done with your draft, pass through your paper at least once, focusing only on eliminating unnecessary language.
See the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association 2010, p. The authors of these chapters may quote or paraphrase other authors. Lawrence and separated from the mainland of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia by the narrow waters of Northumberland Strait. In reference list Invert the author s name s , and use initial s of first name s. Explanations for how to format parts of the citation, examples on incorporating in-text citations into body of work, and additional information on referencing. The Journal of Information and… Lohan, L.
In passive constructions, the subject of the sentence is being acted upon; in active constructions, the subject is the actor. For references that are in press or that have no date n. For example: Johnson, 2003, para. Approximately 70 examples are provided for readers to consider as they learn how to create reliable references for electronic sources. A colon is often used between a title and a subtitle i. For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and an examplewill be provided. Strategies You can eliminate wordiness in your writing if.
If the home office is not given or known then choose the first location listed. A long quotation A quotation of 40 or more words should be formatted as a freestanding, indented block of text without quotation marks. Using Academic Writer's advanced authoring technology and digital learning tools, students take a hands-on approach to learning the research and writing process. Exception: Place of publication is not required for journal, magazine or newspaper articles. In Publication manual of the American Psychological Association pp. All authors 8+ First author et al.
Weston 1948 argues that: One of the most important phases of our special guests was to get information that would throw light on degeneration of the facial pattern that occurs so often in our modern civilization. If you copy this document, please include our copyright notice and the name of the writer; if you revise it, please add your name to the list of writers. Curtin University would like to pay our respect to the indigenous members of our community by acknowledging the traditional owners of the land on which the Bentley Campus is located, the Wadjuk people of the Nyungar Nation; and on our Kalgoorlie Campus, the Wongutha people of the North-Eastern Goldfields. One author, multiple works published in the same year If the year of publication is the same for both add 'a' and 'b' after the year. Books and academic journals 1993 Magazines and newspapers: Monthly Daily, weekly 1993, June 1993, June 12 No date n. Use numbers for an ordered list. Many electronic sources do not provide page numbers.
While it can be helpful to make these changes, be sure that the message is still clear in your writing before doing so. This guide is based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. The order is arranged alphabetically by title in the references list, but exclude 'A' or 'The' when it is the first word , p. See pages 87-88 of the manual for more information. Pay particular attention to sections you struggled to get out.