Wylie indicates that she will take measures to maintain hydration status? Alternatively, there are some older adults who choose to limit their fluid intake because of physical factors, such as difficulties with getting to the bathroom on time or nocturnal enuresis. Which of the following describes the effect a food has on blood glucose levels? Nutrition in Practice: Childhood Obesity and the Early Development of Chronic Diseases. Which of the following individuals would have the slowest basal metabolic rate? One of the functions of the colon is to absorb: a. She is very anxious and stress triggers binge eating episodes followed by self-induced vomiting. She is happiest just doing her activities of daily living, such as preparing breakfast, lunch, and a late-afternoon snack, then relaxing in her living room until it is time for bed. Recurring episodes of binge eating combined with a morbid fear of becoming fat, often followed by purging. Involuntary muscle contractions move food through the intestinal tract.
Head circumference values can track vitamin D deficiency in premature and small-for-gestational-age infants. Nutrition in Practice: Alcohol in Health and Disease. Which of the following fibers is a nonpolysaccharide? Basal metabolic needs are large compared to energy needs for activities. You are asked to help plan meals for a local monthly community dinner meeting for the elderly. Nutrition in Practice: Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome. The health risk associated with central obesity has to do with: a. Her children take turns visiting on Sundays, when they help with her shopping, laundry, and other tasks, but none live close enough to visit daily, and Mrs.
One of the effects of nephrotic syndrome is a loss of vitamin D. Which of the following communities are at the highest risk? Wylie told her doctor she would try to drink more often, but she is rarely thirsty. Why are some elderly people at risk of developing vitamin D deficiency? Nutrition in Practice: Vitamin and Mineral Supplements. Normally, the nervous system consumes less than 10% of the total glucose used each day. Overnutrition is characterized by a.
Because serum proteins are affected by so many factors, their values must be considered along with other data to evaluate health and nutrition status. Saliva contains an enzyme that digests: a. Department of Agriculture, provides a valuable tool for meal planning, providing serving sizes for each food group and the ability to create a balanced meal from each group listed. Nutrition in Practice: Food Safety. Leftovers should be used within how many days? Moderate magnitude event; low vulnerability D. It is thought to represent approximately 10% of the total food energy taken in.
Describe the potential consequences that can develop with nephrotic syndrome. The protein needs of older adults appear to be about the same as those of younger people. You are discussing energy requirements with your client. A food company wants to use a fiber to stabilize its new product. Which of the following individuals would have the lowest basal metabolic rate? Fat malabsorption can increase oxalate absorption: the malabsorbed fatty acids bind to minerals that would otherwise bind to oxalates and inhibit their absorption. The screening should be sensitive enough to identify patients who require nutrition care but simple enough to be completed within 10 to 15 minutes.
Which group of older adults is most likely to be poorly nourished? Nutrition in Practice: Inborn Errors of Metabolism. Furthermore, blood-clotting risk is increased due to urinary losses of proteins that inhibit blood clotting and elevated levels of plasma proteins that favor clotting. The tool that would be most helpful for planning healthy meals is the a. One of the most important recommendations for C. A lack of body fat can result in: a. All foods can fit into a healthy diet in moderation.
A patient in the later stage of chronic kidney disease has been advised to increase his intake of potassium-rich foods. Which type of fat poses the greatest risk to health? Which of the following statements best describes the role of sugar in the development of obesity? Many older adults fail to obtain the recommended daily 25 or more grams of fiber. A patient requires a nutrition assessment. The body metabolically recognizes the difference between fasting and starving. Bradley, who has diabetic retinopathy and loss of vision.
Alcohol contains enzymes that convert protein to fat, encouraging the storage of body fat. After identifying nutrition problems and their associated diagnoses, the appropriate nutrition care can be planned and implemented by providing nutrition interventions. The four steps of the nutrition care process include nutrition assessment, nutrition diagnosis, nutrition intervention, and nutrition monitoring and evaluation. A screening may also be included in certain types of outpatient services and community health programs. Nutrition in Practice: Fad Diets.
A food frequency questionnaire shows that Mr. Elevated urinary oxalate levels, or hyperoxaluria, also promote the formation of calcium oxalate crystals. Nutrition and Disorders of the Heart and Blood Vessels. In the first few days of a fast, what percentage of needed glucose is supplied by protein breakdown? Which of the following statements best explains the trends shown in Figure 1. The emulsification of fat requires: a. Of the 40 worst disasters between 1970 and 2013, the most frequent mega-killers were earthquakes.